Acne causes different types of problems and complications. Aside from poor self-confidence, pimple dark marks and scarring also results to facial and psychological problems. Teenagers are very particular with promoting their personal image. Having flawless skin is very important for them to socialize with friends and to gain confidence to face many people.
Indeed, it is a big problem on how to get rid of acne scars. Many of you are still looking for a treatment method that will work for you. Moreover, it is possible to get rid of these pimple scars. Different solutions can vary from simple creams to invasive surgery.
Here are the following steps on how to get rid of acne scars effectively:
If you can identify what type of acne scar you have, it is easier for you choose the right treatment. There are 4 types of acne scars.
Icepick scars are the most common post inflammatory erythema marks left behind by acne. They're can be seen as deep pits that are quite narrow on the surface.
Boxcar scars primarily appear on the temples or cheeks and are significantly deep, angular edges that look like chicken pox scars.
Rolling scars appear to be a wave-like appearance of the skin and have tapering edges that can be observed as shallow and deep.
Keloid (or hypertrophic) scars are profuse and elevated from the skin. It is caused by excess collagen formation during the course of skin repair after acne.
Atrophic scars are pimple marks that do not form a keloid or raised scar. This type of scar responds well to topical treatments intended to boost collagen production. For you to easily identify the topical agent, look for compounds that contain:
AHA or alpha-hydroxy acid – Glycolic acid is an example of AHA peels. AHA pH3 or pH4 is available over the counter. However, it is a must that you also know the correct way on how to apply the treatment.
Apply the treatment at night because AHA causes photosensitivity. Use sunscreen and avoid sun exposure It is also safe to use during pregnancy
Beta-hydroxy acid(BHA) - It is applied to exfoliate the scars. Salicylic Acid is an example of BHA. Always remember to purchase the correct pH between 3 and 4.
Vitamin C Serum, or L-absorbic acid Serum – is also helpful in getting rid of acne marks although it does not have large enough quantifiable amounts to treat acne scarring. Daily consumption of fruits rich in Vitamin C can be more effective for others.
Retinoic acid, or vitamin A – Retin-A needs a doctor’s prescription because it can cause birth defect and it is not prescribed for pregnant women. Visit your dermatologist before using the product.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive procedure and does not use chemical in the course of the treatment. It is a process that uses spray of microcrystals to peel off the outermost layer of the skin and to remove dry and dead skin cells for younger and healthy-looking skin.
Consult your dermatologist before undergoing the treatment. After microdermabrasion, it is expected for your skin to be red and sensitive. Avoid direct sun exposure and facial trauma. Always use sunscreen.
A chemical peel will facilitate the peeling off of the top layer of your skin and will allow for the skin cells to regenerate without pigmentation or scars. Make sure to visit your dermatologist prior to using a chemical peel.
During the course of treatment, you will feel a tingling and burning sensation after applying the chemical. Warning! Your skin will be extremely sensitive. Stay out of the sun and apply sunscreen liberally.
Laser treatment works effectively for both the atrophic and keloid acne scars. There are 2 types of laser treatments:
1. Laser resurfacing is recommended for atrophic acne marks. It is associated with microdermabrasion. Laser resurfacing works to remove the skin around the scars and reduce the presence of pitting and shadows.
2. Pulsed dye laser treatment is used for keloid-forming scars. This treatment induces apoptosis or individual cell death targeting. Consult your dermatologist.
There are scars that are very difficult to treat. Some scars are so deep that skin resurfacing does not work. You can consider injectable fillers to fill up the scars and make them flat in appearance. However, injectable fillers are later absorbed by the body, so you will be required to repeat the treatment every four to six months.
Punch Excision is a type of skin surgery that removes the small area of skin containing a single scar. For smaller scars, there will be a very careful line of stitches over the punch excision site; for larger areas, sometimes you might need a skin graft from another part of your body.