If you can’t seem to get your breakouts to go away, and you’ve tried every acne treatment you can think of, maybe your skin problems aren’t really acne.
While there are manydifferent types of acne that can determinewhich course of treatment to take, there are also several other skin conditions that can easily bemistaken for acne that could complicate treatment.
While acne is characterized by follicles cloggedwith dead skin cells and sebum, not all skin bumps
are acne. When evaluating our skin issues, it’s important to look for other signs aside from bumps to determine what we’re dealing with, and what treatment is best.
Common skin conditions mistaken for acne
Perioral dermatitis is a common skin condition characterized byared, scaly,itchy, inflammatory rash. It is easilymistaken for acne because it has a similar appearance. However, as its name indicates, it manifests mostly around the mouth, nose, and sometimes spreads up to the eye area. This is one indication that acne isn’t the culprit.
Perioral dermatitis can be caused by steroid (hydrocortisone cream) use, and may also be caused by certain cosmetics, heavy skin creams, fluoridated toothpaste, or bacterial/fungal infections.
Treatment usually requires stopping steroid cream use, removing irritants such as fluoridated toothpaste, and potentially using antibacterial or anti-fungal topical lotions.
Rosacea is achronic inflammatoryskin condition that can bemistaken for acne.Like acne, rosacea’s many types can appear in red, pimple-like bumps.Unlike acne, rosaceais mostly caused by histamine-related and spicy foods, alcohol and caffeine and doesn’t form whiteheads and blackheads.
Rosaceacan be exacerbated by certain external and environmental factors, and treating it often requires a gentle skin care routine and avoiding triggers.
Milia is a skin issue frequentlymistaken for acne. It is characterized by tiny, yellow-white bumpswhichcan be undertheeye area, ontheforehead, arms, etc. When you pop them,hard,little plugsof dead skin cellsin the shape oftiny balls come out. They may go awayon their ownover time, but there is no way to totally prevent them. Regular exfoliation and exfoliative creams like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid may help.
Folliculitis comes in several versions, andoftenpresents itself as clusters of small, itchy pimple-like bumps, primarily acrosstheforehead, on the beard area for men,andinareas of the body where there is friction (thighs, butt, neck, armpits).Folliculitis is common in the summer months and frequentlymistaken for acne.Unlike acne, folliculitis results from excessive amounts of yeast on the skin, causing a fungal infectioninthehair follicles.
Benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can treat it,as well as anti-fungal treatments like sulfur-based soaps and creams,with more severe cases requiring oral antibiotics.
While keratosis pilarismostcommonly occurs on the body (upper arms and legs), when it manifests on the face, it can easily bemistaken foracne.Keratosis pilaris, often referred to as “chicken skin”, is a chronic skin condition characterized byskin bumpswhich can bered, white,orflesh colored. It is caused by an abnormal amount of keratin that blocksthehairfollicles and can cause itchiness and dryness.
While frequent moisturizing can help, treatments which exfoliate, including topical retinoids, salicylic acid or lactic acid, are helpful to get rid of keratosis pilaris.
Staph infections sound serious, and that’s because they are; they are caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus which can cause a multitude of diseases that might bemistaken for acne.Signs and symptoms can show up asa collection ofpimples, boils, pus-filled lesions,andredness.The area is typically tender or painful and may be swollen.Because staph infections are serious, it requiresimmediate intervention anda course ofantibiotics.
Finally,commonlymistaken for acneare allergic reactions that manifest on the skin.Skin allergies to external irritants, allergies to foods, medications and topical products canallresult inapimple-like rash easily confused for acne.However, unlike acne, severe itching is a typical sign that it isn’treallyacne.
If the cause can be determined, avoiding the trigger is important, although most skin reactions will go away on their own. Depending on the cause, you may need antihistamines to relieve your symptoms. For less severe rashes, cold soaks and compresses can offer relief for itching, while topical corticosteroid creams or oral prednisone may be needed for more serious cases.
A lot of skin conditions can easily bemistaken for acne, but if your skin issues are resistant to typical acne treatments, it’s a good idea to make an appointment with a doctorforadiagnosis. In some cases, a misdiagnosis can be very dangerous, so it’s important to be proactive about your skin health!