Acneis a localized skin inflammation resulted from the over activity of the oil glands at the base of the hair follicles. Acne starts when the activity of the oil glands is augmented during puberty. When you step on teenage years, sebaceous glands are stimulated by androgen hormones (male hormone) that are produced in the adrenal glands of both boys and girls. Oil (sebum) is continuously produced and secreted to lubricate and protect the skin. Under certain circumstances, dead skin cells mix with sebum, thus blocking the pores. This circumstance causes a buildup of oil and skin cells underneath the skin.
Bacteria grow and multiply causing the surrounding tissues to become inflamed. The inflammation causes the hair follicle to rupture. When the inflammation is near the surface, the pustule is developed; if it is deeper, you’ll get a papule; deeper still and it is called a cyst. Moreover, there is non-inflammatory acne called comedone, the whiteheads and the blackheads.
Acne generally affects teenagers, but may transpire between ages 12 and 25 or older. Boys are usually affected than girls because they produce more androgen hormone. Acne commonly affects the face, but may also grow at the back, neck and chest. It is categorized as mild to severe.
Contraceptive pill may make acne worse especially those with progestogen-only contents.
In women, the hormonal changes around the monthly period may cause an acne attack.
Cosmetics such as thick or greasy make-up can possibly make acne worse. You can use non-comedogenic or oil-free products to put on instead.
Popping and squeezing the zits may cause deeper inflammation and scarring.
Sweating heavily or a humid environment can make acne worse. For example, regularly cooking in the kitchen or doing household chores in a hot environment.
Acne may develop under tight-fitting clothes since it increases sweating and friction. For example, acne thrives under headbands, tight bra straps, tight collars, etc.
Some medicines can make acne worse such as anti-seizure meds and corticosteroids creams. Do not stop a prescribed medicine, ask your doctor for an alternative medication.
Anabolic steroids or bodybuilders steroids can also make acne worse.
Wash your face once in the morning and once in the evening. Do not wash more than normal because it will cause further irritation.
Use a mild cleanser and lukewarm water.
Do not scrub your skin. Do not use strong soaps, granules, astringents, or exfoliating agents. Use a soft washcloth and bare hands instead.
Apply topical acne treatments. Use a fragrance-free, water-based moisturizing creams or ointments.
Acne is generally treatable. Eating fruits and vegetables, taking plenty of rest and sleep, maintaining a stress free environment, and promoting a healthy lifestyle are of great help to an acne-free life.