Hyperpigmentation is also known as dark spots, sun spots, or melasma. It is a harmless skin condition, but the fact is it can cause some distress for people and many may want to fade it. Most hyperpigmentation will eventally fade on it's own but it can take a very long time. The good news is that there are plenty of methods to treat and fade hyperpigmentation successfully.
There are many ways on how one can treat or even prevent hyperpigmentation.
Treatments for hyperpigmentation include
Hyperpigmentation can be prevented by using a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, wearing clothes that don't let sunlight shine through and hats for blocking the sunlight. Avoid overexposure to the sun at its strongest during the day (i.e 10 am to 4 pm) and avoiding certain medications can prevent hyperpigmentation. Anyone can also prevent hyperpigmentation by quitting the habit of picking at your skin before it can fully heal.
Hyperpigmentation can be treated with a variety of products and ingredients.
(e.g. hydroquinone) – This spot treatment is used to lighten any dark patches of skin aka hyperpigmentation, melasma, liver spots, age spots, and freckles. It works by blocking the process in our skin which leads to discoloration.
Banish Pumpkin Enzyme Masque – This 15-minute exfoliating mask is nature-inspired and reveals your best skin. The Banish Pumpkin Enzyme Masque is formulated with natural pumpkin enzymes, AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) and glycolic acid which altogether improve your skin’s clarity. It also contains Vitamin C & Beta-Carotene which help to defend against pollutants, reduce the appearance of fine lines and improve firmness.
There’s a study conducted which shows that Vitamin C fights off or protects the skin against photoaging, ultraviolet-induced immunosuppression and photocarcinogenesis with its powerful antioxidant properties. Vitamin C has also been proven to increase collagen synthesis, stabilize collagen fibers and decrease collagen degradation. It also decreases melanin formation which results inreduction of skin pigmentation or hyperpigmentation.
Banish Oil is an example of a Vitamin C product and is formulated without silicones, artificial fragrances, dyes, preservatives or fillers. Banish Oil is made with the most potent or powerful form of Vitamin C which is L-ascorbic acid and has been proven to improve skin tone and texture.
This Vitamin C Crème can be a substitute for the Banish Oil and is suitable for those with oily skin. The Banish Vitamin Creme contains Organic Aloe leaf extract as well as Vitamin C at the top of its ingredient list.
Sunscreen or SPF infused clothing – Wearing SPF-infused clothing or applying sunscreen lotion when going out or better yet avoiding the sun at its strongest time of the day (10 am to 4 pm) can prevent the development of hyperpigmentation and keep hyperpigmentation from darkening further.
Microneedling can be considered as treatment for hyperpigmentation for its favorable results. There’s a recent small research study conducted at the Jordan University of Science and Technology in Irbid Jordan which proves that microneedling can improve acne scarring as well as hyperpigmentation in a patient’s skin.
There's also a patented tool called the Banisher. The Banisher 2.0 has 24k Gold Coated Titanium Bristles which are responsible for promoting collagen and is known for its antibacterial properties. What’s more, the Banisher 2.0 can also improve the appearance of acne scars, hyperpigmentation, fine lines, and wrinkles.
Chemical peels can improve hyperpigmentation by stripping the uppermost layer of skin, and encourage new layers to form. It works by applying a chemical solution to the skin, damaging the outerlayer and eventually peeling off. Chemical peels can be done either on the face, neck or hands. It can treat fine lines as well, and freckles and dark patches (melasma). Some chemical peels can penetrate deep into the skin and should only be applied in office by professionals.
For a lighter exfoliating process, the Banish Pumpkin Enzyme Masque can provide a gentler approach to fading hyperpigmentation. It is made or formulated with a blend of raw pumpkin, orange, glycolic acid, bilberry fruit extract and ginger root which altogether deliver renewing and radiance-boosting ingredients directly to the skin.
This treatment is actually an in-office exfoliating procedure used in treating skin conditions like hyperpigmentation, affecting only the epidermis. In this procedure, the dermatologist will use a drill-like handheld tool with a wire brush or other abrasive attachment which will be swiped across your skin to rapidly remove the epidermis so a new layer of skin can form.
This treatment procedure is a type of non-ablative or fractional laser treatment. IPL is also known as photo facial and stimulates collagen growth within the skin layer. The Intense Pulsed Light Therapy requires multiple sessions to achieve desired results. It can treat hyperpigmentation as well as acne scarring.
Also known as laser peeling or skin resurfacing, this treatment procedure uses targeted beams of light to reduce hyperpigmentation. There are two types of lasers: ablative and non-ablative. Ablative laser peeling or resurfacing is the most intense as it involves removing skin layers whereas non-ablative laser resurfacing targets only the dermis for it to promote collagen growth and tightening effects.
Common home remedies for hyperpigmentation include
This household product or home remedy contains acetic acid which is said to lighten hyperpigmentation.
How to use:
1) Combine equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water in a container
2) Apply the mixture to dark patches and leave on for 2 to 3 minutes.
3) Rinse using a lukewarm water
4) Repeat twice every day if you wish to achieve the desired results.
An extract of the red onion (allium cepa) is used in commercially available skin and scar lightening creams. Red onions are said to be helpful for effectively lightening the skin as shown by a research study.
Similar to aloe vera, green tea extract is also known to have a depigmenting effect to the skin when applied. There are websites that suggest applying green tea bags to darkened areas of the skin for a lightening effect, however, there’s no evidence to this claim.
How to use:
1) Steep green tea bag in boiling water for 3 to 5 minutes.
2) Remove tea bag from water and let cool – be careful not to burn your skin
3) Rub the tea bag over the darkened areas.
4) Repeat twice a day until you achieve the desired result.
An animal study that was conducted or published in the year 2011 claims that the black tea water lightens dark spots that were found in guinea pigs upon applying it twice a day, six days a week and four weeks. This household product may also be useful for treating hyperpigmentation.
How to use:
1) Add a tablespoon of fresh black tea leaves to a cup of distilled boiling water.
2) Steep tea bags for 2 hours and strain to remove the leaves.
3) Soak a cotton ball in the tea water and apply it to areas of hyperpigmentation at least twice a day.
4) Repeat these steps every day for six days a week or over 4 weeks.
preferably buttermilk or sour milk
To cap it off, hyperpigmentation can be treated either by lightening the skin or through methods that increase skin cell turnover to bring darkened skin to the surface, causing it to flake off.
The first rule about treating pigmentation is patience. It probably took a long time to get all that sun damage, so it’s going to take you a while to get rid of it. Most products will take at least four weeks until results can be seen.
The second rule is diligence. There is no point of buying and using a bulk of skincare products and having professional treatments if you then neglect to follow up with the proper after care such as wearing a sunscreen every single day, and covering your face thoroughly from the sun when going outdoors. Hyperpigmentation is always just under the surface, like a beast, waiting for a chance to come back. Don’t allow it.
Have you successfully faded your hyperpigmentation? Share some of your favorite methods in the comments!