As discussed in the previous article, hyperpigmentation is considered to be a benign type of skin condition rather than a sign of serious medical concern.
There are ways on how one can treat or even prevent hyperpigmentation. Treatments or solutions include topical prescription medications (hydroquinone), topical retinoids, sunscreen (with an SPF of 30 to 50 or broad-spectrum coverage)/SPF infused clothing, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, intense pulsed light or IPL, laser resurfacing and derma rolling.
Hyperpigmentation can be prevented by using a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, wearing comfortable clothes and hats for blocking the sunlight, avoiding overexposure to the sun at its strongest during the day (i.e 10 am to 4 pm) and avoiding certain medications as well. Anyone can also prevent hyperpigmentation by just quitting the habit of touching the face or skin.
Hyperpigmentation can be treated using spot treatments, DIY (such as using Banish products) or home remedies.
(e.g. hydroquinone) – This spot treatment is used to lighten any dark patches of skin aka hyperpigmentation, melasma, liver spots, age spots, and freckles. It works by blocking the process in our skin which leads to discoloration.
Banish Pumpkin Enzyme Masque – This 15-minute exfoliating mask is nature-inspired and reveals your best skin. The Banish Pumpkin Enzyme Masque is formulated with natural pumpkin enzymes, AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) and glycolic acid which altogether improve your skin’s clarity. It also contains Vitamin C & Beta-Carotene which help to defend against pollutants, reduce the appearance of fine lines and improve firmness.
There’s a study conducted which shows that Vitamin C fights off or protects the skin against photoaging, ultraviolet-induced immunosuppression and photocarcinogenesis with its powerful antioxidant properties. Vitamin C has also been proven to increase collagen synthesis, stabilize collagen fibers and decrease collagen degradation. It also decreases melanin formation which results inreduction of skin pigmentation/hyperpigmentation.
Banish Oil is an example of a Vitamin C product and is formulated without silicones, artificial fragrances, dyes, preservatives or fillers. Banish Oil is made with the most potent or powerful form of Vitamin C which is the L-ascorbic acid and has been proven to improve skin tone and texture.
Sunscreen/SPF infused clothing – Wearing SPF-infused clothing or applying sunscreen lotion when going out or better yet avoiding the sun at its strongest time of the day (10 am to 4 pm) is said to prevent the development of hyperpigmentation.
Microneedling was considered as a DIY treatment for hyperpigmentation for its favorable outcomes or results. There’s a recent small research study conducted at the Jordan University of Science and Technology in Irbid Jordan which proves that microneedling can improve acne scarring as well as hyperpigmentation in a patient’s skin color.
The new patented version of Banisher is helpful for battling acne scars and increases the efficacy of topical skincare. The Banisher 2.0 has 24k Gold Coated Titanium Bristles which are responsible for promoting collagen and is known for its antibacterial properties. What’s more, the Banisher 2.0 improves the appearance of acne scars, hyperpigmentation, fine lines, and wrinkles.
This treatment improves the appearance of one’s skin by applying a chemical solution to the skin, making it blister and eventually peel off. Chemical peels can be done either on the face, neck or hands and are used for reducing fine lines under the eyes, treating wrinkles caused by sun damage and aging, improving the appearance of mild scars, treating certain types of acne, reducing age spots, freckles and dark patches (melasma), and improving the look or feel of skin.
When it comes to products for chemical peels, theBanish Pumpkin Enzyme Masque makes a good candidate for treating hyperpigmentation. This product exfoliates your skin without giving off a feeling of harsh scrubbing. It is made or formulated with a blend of raw pumpkin, orange, glycolic acid, bilberry fruit extract and ginger root which altogether deliver renewing and radiance-boosting ingredients directly to the skin.
This treatment is actually an in-office procedure used in treating skin conditions like hyperpigmentation, affecting only the epidermis. In this procedure, the dermatologist will use a drill-like handheld tool with a wire brush or other abrasive attachment which will be swiped across your skin to rapidly remove the epidermis.
This treatment procedure is a type of non-ablative or fractional laser treatment. IPL is also known as photo facial and stimulates collagen growth within the skin layer. The Intense Pulsed Light Therapy requires multiple sessions to achieve desired results. Though intense pulsed light therapy is being used for overall pigmentation issues, flat spots respond most to the treatment procedure.
Also known as laser peeling or skin resurfacing, this treatment procedure uses targeted beams of light to reduce hyperpigmentation. There are two types of lasers: ablative and non-ablative. Ablative laser peeling or resurfacing is the most intense as it involves removing skin layers whereas non-ablative laser resurfacing targets only the dermis for it to promote collagen growth and tightening effects.
This household product or home remedy contains acetic acid which is said to lighten hyperpigmentation.
How to use:
1) Combine equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water in a container
2) Apply the mixture to dark patches and leave on for 2 to 3 minutes.
3) Rinse using a lukewarm water
4) Repeat twice every day if you wish to achieve the desired results.
This Vitamin C Crème is ideal and suitable for those with combination or oily skin types as it is lightweight cream wears well under makeup or sunscreen. The Banish Vitamin Creme contains Aloe Barbadensis or Organic Aloe leaf extract as well as Vitamin C as its ingredients.
How to use:
An extract of the red onion (allium cepa) is used in commercially available skin and scar lightening creams. Red onions are said to be helpful for effectively lightening the skin as shown by a research study.
Similar to aloe vera, green tea extract is also known to have a depigmenting effect to the skin when applied. There are websites that suggest applying green tea bags to darkened areas of the skin for a lightening effect, however, there’s no evidence to this claim.
How to use:
1) Steep green tea bag in boiling water for 3 to 5 minutes.
2) Remove tea bag from water and let cool – be careful not to burn your skin
3) Rub the tea bag over the darkened areas.
4) Repeat twice a day until you achieve the desired result.
An animal study that was conducted or published in the year 2011 claims that the black tea water lightens dark spots that were found in guinea pigs upon applying it twice a day, six days a week and four weeks. This household product may also be useful for treating hyperpigmentation.
How to use:
1) Add a tablespoon of fresh black tea leaves to a cup of distilled boiling water.
2) Steep tea bags for 2 hours and strain to remove the leaves.
3) Soak a cotton ball in the tea water and apply it to areas of hyperpigmentation at least twice a day.
4) Repeat these steps every day for six days a week or over 4 weeks.
preferably buttermilk or sour milk
To cap it off, hyperpigmentation can be treated either by lightening the skin or through methods that increase skin cell turnover to bring darkened skin to the surface, causing it to flake off.
The first rule about pigmentation is patience. It will take a while to get that sun damage, it’s going to take you a while to get rid of it. Most products will take at least four weeks until results can be seen.
The second rule is diligence. There is no point of buying and using a bulk of skincare products and having professional treatments if you then neglect to wear a sunscreen every single day, and cover your face thoroughly from the sun when going outdoor. Pigmentation is always just under the surface, like a beast, waiting for a chance to come back. Don’t allow it.