Having pimples and zits is a tough enough problem, but dealing with the aftermath of scars—that is a whole other battle itself. Some of the most terrible types of acne scars can take up to years to heal completely!
If you are someone that struggles with scars, you’ve probably wondering, “What am I supposed to do about these scars?” Before you take any action, you first have to know what you are dealing with. Each different type of scar needs a different treatment. There are generally three different types of acne scars:
Depressed (Pitted) Acne Scars
These types of scars are the most common form of acne scarring. They appear as small dents on the surface of the skin. Their shapes range from boxcar scars, rolling scars, and ice pick.
Although their shapes may be different, their treatment plans are normally the same, depending on the severity of each. The main goal is to fill in these dents and regrow new skin and healthy tissue in its place. This can be achieved many ways like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, cosmetic fillers, facial products that encourage cellular turnover in the skin, exfoliation, derma rollers, etc.
Raised (Keloid) Acne Scars
These scars are pretty much the opposite of pitted scars, and not as common. Keloids are parts of the skin that formed an excess amount of tissue in the damaged area. This can be caused by a number of factors including the severity of the acne, genetics, and even infection.
Effective treatments for removing keloids include ablative laser procedures, microdermabrasion, and even surgery for more severe cases. Chemical peels and other treatments that are often used for pitted scars are not typically as successful on keloid scars. This is because there is too much resistance from the keloids as opposed to healthy tissue.
Discoloration Acne Scars
This last type of scarring does not affect the texture of skin, but the color. Discoloration comes in different forms like hyper pigmentation, hypo pigmentation, and erythema. Hyper pigmentation is when the levels of melanin on your skin are elevated—this looks like freckle-like blotches on the skin. Hypo pigmentation is when your skin loses the ability to produce melanin—this appears as a light, pinkish tone on the skin (more noticeable on darker skin tones). Erythema is when small capillaries under the skin are damaged—this shows on the skin as redness on damaged areas.
Treatments for discoloration scars are much simpler. They range from laser treatment, light therapy, topical treatment from prescription medication, and topical treatment from natural brighteners.
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