Acne or pimple is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It commonly appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. It is most common among adolescents with a reported prevalence of 85% percent in the US. Moreover, a number of adults can still acquire acne.
It can be treated, but acne can still persist and later may leave dark spot or deep scars on your skin. Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and facial marring. The earlier you start to manage your pimple, the lesser your risk of physical and emotional damage.
So what is the real cause of acne outbreak? Genetics and hormones are believed to be the main culprit of acne attack. Genetics are totally beyond your control, so you have nothing to do with it. If you belong to a family with the history of moderate-to-severe acne, you have the greatest risk of acquiring acne, especially during your adolescence years.
Hormone is another factor for developing acne. When you reach puberty, there is an increase in androgen hormones, a male hormone which is present in both male and female. An increase in androgen hormones causes skin glands to produce more oil (sebum) to protect the skin and keep it moist. However, acne begins when sebum and dead skin cells mix and clog the pores. Bacteria grow and the area becomes infected. Acne is categorized into two groups: The non-inflammatory acne or comedones, which includes blackheads and whiteheads and the inflammatory acne, which includes pustules, nodules, papules and cystic acne. When acne becomes painful, red and is swelling with pus, visit your dermatologist.
Some studies have been conducted and pointed out other contributing factor such as stress, medications, diet, cosmetics, environment, pollution, and rubbing your skin. These factors are known to aggravate acne, so these should be avoided.
Some medications, containing lithium, anti-seizure drugs, and corticosteroids, can cause acne. Foods that are listed to worsen acne are foods high in glycemic contents and oil such as chocolate, spicy foods, nuts, French fries, and more.
"It's very important to cleanse your skin every day," according to dermatologist Doris Day, MD, of Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City. Follow the steps below:
1. Wash your face twice a day only. Gently wash your face in the morning and evening. Excessive washing can cause irritation.
2. Use cool or warm water and a gentle facial cleanser.
3. Use your bare hands. Avoid using a scrub or hard cloth.
4. Pat until dry (don't rub dry).
Your skin is your best asset. Having flawless skin is something to be proud of. Take care of your skin because young and healthy looking skin is a beauty that not everyone has.